Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_page.php on line 499 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_tstemplate.php on line 639 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_pageSelect::getHash() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_tstemplate.php on line 352 Strict Standards: Non-static method TSpagegen::pagegenInit() should not be called statically in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\pagegen.php on line 48 Strict Standards: Non-static method TSpagegen::getIncFiles() should not be called statically in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\pagegen.php on line 60 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_div.php on line 1073 Strict Standards: Non-static method TSpagegen::renderContent() should not be called statically in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\pagegen.php on line 77 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_content.php on line 438 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_div.php on line 1073 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_parsehtml::getSubpart() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_content.php on line 2927 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_content.php on line 438 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_content.php on line 438 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_content.php on line 438 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_content.php on line 438 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_content.php on line 4138 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_content.php on line 4141 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_div.php on line 1380 Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_div.php on line 1988 Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_div.php on line 1988 Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_div.php on line 1988 Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_div.php on line 1988 Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_div.php on line 1988 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_div.php on line 1380 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_div.php on line 1380 Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_div.php on line 1988 Deprecated: Function eregi_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_div.php on line 1988 Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_div.php on line 2004 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_div.php on line 1966 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_div.php on line 1073 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Warning: Illegal string offset 'maxW' in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2329 Warning: Illegal string offset 'maxH' in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2342 Warning: Illegal string offset 'minW' in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2396 Warning: Illegal string offset 'minH' in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2402 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_div.php on line 1073 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Warning: Illegal string offset 'maxW' in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2329 Warning: Illegal string offset 'maxH' in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2342 Warning: Illegal string offset 'minW' in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2396 Warning: Illegal string offset 'minH' in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2402 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_div.php on line 1073 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Warning: Illegal string offset 'maxW' in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2329 Warning: Illegal string offset 'maxH' in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2342 Warning: Illegal string offset 'minW' in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2396 Warning: Illegal string offset 'minH' in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2402 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_div.php on line 1073 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Warning: Illegal string offset 'maxW' in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2329 Warning: Illegal string offset 'maxH' in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2342 Warning: Illegal string offset 'minW' in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2396 Warning: Illegal string offset 'minH' in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2402 Deprecated: Non-static method tslib_cObj::getKey() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_menu.php on line 252 Deprecated: Non-static method tslib_cObj::calc() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_menu.php on line 837 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 221 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 221 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 221 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 221 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 221 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 221 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 221 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 221 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 221 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 221 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 221 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 221 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 221 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 221 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 221 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 221 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 221 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 221 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 221 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 221 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 221 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 221 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 221 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 221 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 221 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\t3lib\class.t3lib_stdgraphic.php on line 2229 Deprecated: Function ereg_replace() is deprecated in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 221 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 Deprecated: Non-static method t3lib_TStemplate::sortedKeyList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in D:\www\www1091\typo3\sysext\cms\tslib\class.tslib_gifbuilder.php on line 169 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Folgen unserer Zivilisation

Die Umwelt und die Lebensbedingungen haben sich in den letzten Jahrzehnten signifikant verändert. Menschen leiden unter Stress durch Zeitmangel, Hektik, Lärm und Situationen im eigenen Umfeld, welche als Überforderung empfunden werden. Regelmässige Medienberichte zeigen Ursachen und Folgen von Stress auf, der sowohl im körperlichen als auch im seelischen Bereich spürbar ist.

Wie sich Stress auf Tiere, insbesondere auf Hunde auswirkt, wurde lange Zeit unterbewertet und gewinnt erst in den letzten Jahren an Aufmerksamkeit.

Wie Stress entsteht, wie sich Symptomatiken zeigen und welche gesundheitlichen Folgen daraus entstehen ist in der Humanmedizin bekannt. In der Folge der ersten Erkenntnisse wurden nun Forschungen ausgeweitet. So wurde festgestellt, dass auch Kinder bereits unter Stress – resp. Überlastung – leiden. Nicht nur die äusseren Umstände, wie Umfeld, Wohnsituation etc. sondern auch die veränderten Wertvorstellungen tragen dazu bei. Die Ansprüche in der Schule sind höher geworden und verursachen oft unbewusst Druck. Gravierend ist jedoch, dass die Haltung in die Freizeit übernommen wird und hier oft statt Erholung noch zusätzlich Ansprüche gestellt – oder durch das Werte-Empfinden – gestellt werden.

Sind Hunde gegen Stress immun? Wann reagiert ein Hund auf Stress und wie äusserst sich das? Auch welche Symptome ist zu achten und wie können Sie als Hundehalter entsprechend dagegen handeln? Martina Nagel und Clarissa von Rheinhardt haben im Buch „Stress bei Hunden“ diese Problematik aufgegriffen. Die Autorinnen kamen dabei zum Schluss, dass gesundheitliche Störungen und Verhaltensauffälligkeiten bei Hunden oft durch Stress entstehen.

Diese Tatsache erstaunt eigentlich nicht grossartig, denn schliesslich leben Mensch und Hund sehr eng zusammen. Die Vielfältigkeit der Stressauslöser und der Reaktionen sind bei Mensch und Hund gross und oft nicht auf den ersten Blick erkennbar. Es beweist einmal mehr, dass in der Hundehaltung gute Kenntnisse über das Lebewesen Hund und seine sozialen Anforderungen, ein gute Beobachtungsgabe und Verständnis für Zusammenhänge erforderlich sind. Eine falsche Reaktion in Stress-Situationen kann längerfristig fatale Folgen haben und die Lage verschärfen, anstatt sie zu entspannen.

Wie reagiert der Körper auf Stress?

Sind Veränderungen notwendig?
Stress versetzt den Körper in Alarmzustand und setzt somit entsprechende Stresshormone frei. In gewissen Situationen sind diese absolut sinnvoll. Sie dienen dazu, möglichst viel Energie zu Flucht oder Kampf freizusetzen. Wenn dieser Zustand ohne Erholungsphase zu lange anhält oder die erwähnten Stresshormone nicht durch eine entsprechende Handlung abgebaut werden können, treten gesundheitliche oder psychische folgen auf.

Zu unterscheiden ist hier zwischen sogenanntem positivem und negativem Stress: Eustress/Distress.

Positiver Stress fördert die Reaktionsbereitschaft und das Leistungsvermögen durch eine gesteigerte Energieversorgung des Körpers. Langanhaltender und starker negativer Stress, der nicht abgebaut werden kann, verursacht dagegen Erkrankungen und Verhaltensveränderungen.

Die Reaktion auf Stressfaktoren ist von Lebewesen zu Lebewesen unterschiedlich. Vertragen die einen relativ viel Stress, reagieren andere auf dieselbe Situation sehr sensibel (was z.T. auch mit einem aus der Ballance geratenen Stoffwechsel zusammen hängt). Gerade deshalb ist es wichtig, beim Hund auf die feinsten Reaktionen zu achten und diese frühzeitig richtig zu interpretieren. Auch hier lassen sich Zusammenhänge zwischen Mensch und Tier feststellen – es muss nicht immer ein markantes Erlebnis sein, welches Stress auslöst. Ein dauerhaft anhaltendes Unbehagen kann weitaus grössere Folgen haben.

Stress-Symptome

Nervosität, Ruhelosigkeit und Überreaktionen können Anzeigen von Stress sein. Auch das Absetzen von Kot und Urin können Anzeichen sein, vor allem dann, wenn ein Hund regelmässig in derselben Situation Durchfall hat, z.B. Ausstellung, Prüfung, auf Reisen etc. Dauerbellen ständiges Winseln oder Jaulen, das Zerstören von Gegenständen aber auch übertriebene Körperpflege bis hin zum Wundlecken oder Allergien können Anzeichen einer Überforderung sein. Diese Liste lässt sich beliebig lang weiterführen und enthält weitere Verhaltens- oder Gesundheitsstörungen. Erst wenn der Hundehalter durch genaue Beobachtung des Hundes herausfindet, in welchen Situationen diese Anzeichen regelmässig auftreten, kann Abhilfe und damit Entlastung des Tieres geschaffen werden.

Überforderung

Stress ist immer verbunden mit einer Überforderung – entweder in einem speziellen Bereich oder im Allgemeinen Überforderung ist nicht das Privileg des erfolgreichen Sporthundes. Auch ein Familienhund kann total überfordert sein, obwohl sein Halter eigentlich nur ein „abwechslungsreiches Hundeleben“ bieten möchte. Die Ursache liegt oftmals darin, dass dem Hund keine geeignete Rückzugsmöglichkeit angeboten wird und er sich dadurch von den verschiedensten Anforderungen nicht genügend Erholung verschaffen kann. Jede an sich vernünftige Beschäftigung mit dem Hund kann zur Stressbelastung werden, wenn sie grenzenlo0s betrieben wird. Wird im Erziehungskurs oder beim Sporttraining die Grenze der Leistungsfähigkeit des Hundes ständig überschritten, entsteht Stress. Findet der Hund im Haus keine Ruhe, weil von morgens früh bis abends spät Aktivitäten irgendwelcher Art (auch Kinder, die ständig herumtollen) das grosse Schlaf- und Ruhebedürfnis des Hundes unmöglich machen, tritt derselbe Effekt auf. Hat der Hund jeden Tag mit seinem Herrchen ein besonderes „Programm“ zu absolvieren, kann auch dies zu Stress führen. Vielfach wird in diesen Fällen das Ruhebedürfnis von Hunden unterschätzt oder ist dem Halter nicht bekannt. Nach jeder Stress-Situation muss das Tier wieder zur Ruhe kommen können – und es ist Voraussetzung, dass der Halter weiss, WIE sein Hund Ruhe findet.

Was bringt Hilfe?

Als Grundlage zu ihrem Buch haben die Autorinnen eine Umfrage ausgewertet, welche Denkanstösse und Erkenntnisse liefert. In dieser Umfrage hat die Gruppe der Gebrauchshunde die höchste Stressbelastung gezeigt. Die Ursache dafür könne aber nicht allein darin liegen, dass Hundsport ausgeübt werde, denn dies habe nicht unbedingt Einfluss auf den Stresslevel. Es komme im Wesentlichen darauf an, wie und wie oft trainiert werde, halten die Autorinnen fest. Eine Ursache könne sein, dass die Gebrauchshunderassen über eine niedrigere Reizschwelle verfügen als andere Rassen und dies zu Stress führen könne, da der Hund häufig überreagiert. Interessant sind die Ergebnisse für die Zeit, welche der Hund allein bleiben muss.

  • Hier zeigten die Hunde, welche regelmässig 4-5 Stunden alleine bleiben müssen die niedrigsten Stresswerte.
  • Die höchsten Werte traten bei den Hunden auf, die täglich 6 Stunden und mehr alleine bleiben müssen.
  • Erstaunlicherweise zeigten Hunde, die täglich mehr als drei Stunden spazieren gehen, höhere Stresswerte, als jene Artgenossen, die täglich zwei Stunden unterwegs sind.
  • Hunde, die in einer oder zwei Hundesportarten trainiert werden, hatten niedrigere Stresswerte, als Tiere, die gar keine oder mehr als drei Hundsportarten trainieren.
  • Bei Hunden, die täglich weniger als 17 Stunden schlafen oder ruhen, wurden deutlich höhere Stresswerte festgestellt, als im Gesamtdurchschnitt.

„Aus diesem Grund muss der Hundehalter darauf achten, dass nach Tagen vermehrter Aktivität für den Hund, Tag mit ausgiebiger Ruhepausen folgen“, stellen die Autorinnen fest.

Mensch und Hund

Die Mensch-Hund-Beziehung hat ebenfalls eine grosse Bedeutung. Das sensible Rudel-
tier Hund spürt die Gemütsverfassung des Menschen deutlich. Es kann davon ausge-
gangen werden, dass wir von dieser Art Wahrnehmung sehr wenig Ahnung haben, da wir dem Hund hier eindeutig unterlegen sind. Wenn wir uns vorstellen, was es lang-
fristig für uns bedeutet, täglich stundenlang mit einem hochgradig nervösen und gestressten Menschen in unmittelbarer Nähe zu verbringen, lässt sich dies vielleicht annähernd nachempfinden. Wer also selbst in einer dauerhaften Stress-Situation lebt, kann kaum annehmen, dass sein Hund dies als entspannend empfindet (...)

Ein weiterer Faktor, der bereits hinlänglich bekannt sein sollte, kommt auch in diesem Zusammenhang einmal mehr zur Sprache; Oft wählt der Halter seinen Hund nach rein optischen Gesichtspunkten aus und stimmt seine Anforderungen sowie das, was er dem Hund anbieten kann, nicht auf die natürliche Veranlagung der Rasse ab. Ein Jagdhund aus einer Hochleistungszucht ist in einer Stadtwohnung mit einem stark berufstätigen Herrchen genau so überfordert, wie ein Bordercollie als reiner Familien-
hund mit dem man lediglich spazieren geht.

Mit Sicherheit ist die Hundehaltung den veränderten Lebensgewohnheiten anzupassen und wird auch in Zukunft ständigen Veränderungen unterworfen sein. Es braucht nicht viel Fantasie, um zum Schluss zu kommen, dass ein Hund heute nicht mehr so gehalten werden kann, wie vor zwei Jahrzehnten. Dazu gehört, seinem Tier die notwendige Aufmerksamkeit zu schenken und auch die Erkenntnisse über das Lebewesen Hund, die laufenden aktualisiert werden, im täglichen Zusammenleben umzusetzen.

 Quelle: Buch "Stress bei Hunden"
von Martina Nagel und Clarissa von Rheinhardt
 

 

 

 

 
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